The first indisputable attestation of a Bishop in the Siwa Oasis is given by a recently identified text, a "Historia episcopatus Alexandrie" written towards the end of the 4th century which mentions two Bishops of the oasis ordered by "Theonas d'Alexandrie" between in 282 and 300 AD Athanasius of Alexandria visited the Ammoniaque in the year 332 with the aim of spreading Christianity in Marmarica. For now I have not found any information from this visit apart from the fact th
The photos, realized in the spring of 1893 in the first trip of Hermann Burchardt, come directly from the archive of the "Ethnologisches Museum -Berlin" except for some that come from the publication of Stefano Struffolino "Hermann Burchardt at Siwa: unpublished pictures" who found them in the same archives. #Siwa #HermannBurchardt
The precise route is not certain but many sources mention the oasis of Augila as a stop on the runway for Cairo and, in this case, the passage for Siwa is almost mandatory. Unfortunately there are no sources in Siwa but I believe that the passage of the Emperor's caravan, made up of 60,000 men, from our Oasis is almost certain for geographical reasons. The emperor's caravan stops in Cairo for about 3 months in the summer of 1324 so the transition from Siwa should have taken p
The Geological Map of Egypt published in 1910 is also interesting for the toponym of the Siwa Oasis in this period. link to access the entire Map on my Storage. ____________________________________________________________________
La Carta Geologica dell'Egitto pubblicata nel 1910 é interessante anche per i toponimi dell'Oasi di Siwa in questo periodo. #Siwa #GeologicalMapEgypt
Some photographs of Siwa and Gara in 1929 taken from an article on the study of vegetation in Marmarica and in the two oases. RIKLI, M., Durch die Marmarica zur Oase Siwa 1929 _______________________________________________________________________
Alcune fotografie di Siwa e Gara nel 1929 tratte da un articolo sullo studio della vegetazione nella Marmarica e nelle due oasi. RIKLI, M., "Durch die Marmarica zur Oase Siwa" 1929 #Siwa #Gara
Article on the occupation of Siwa by Italian troops in 1942 taken from the French magazine "L'illustation" of 7 November 1942.
There are some interesting views of Siwa not present in the videos of the Istituto Luce. #Siwa Articolo sull'occupazione di Siwa da parte delle truppe italiane nel 1942 tratto dalla rivista francese "L'illustation" del 7 Novembre 1942.
Ci sono alcune vedute di Siwa interessanti non presenti nei video dell'istituto Luce. L'Illustration N°5200 - 7 Nov
Henry Breasted, a great Egyptologist of the beginning of the last century, writes one of the first general works of Egyptian history (A History of Egypt) and on p. 305 says:
"At some time during these wars Thutmose III is also found in possession of the entire oasis-region on the west of Egypt (Fig. 115).
The Oasis thus became Pharaonic territory and were placed under the government of Intef, Thutmose III's herald who was a descendent of the old line of lords of Thinis - Ab
In the World Map of Fra Mauro, the most important and complete of the Middle Ages realized in Venice by the monk Camaldolese around 1450 AD, the Siwa Oasis appears in the right position with its monumental buildings and the lake with the name of Santariya but corrupt in Italian in "Seteria" Fra Mauro (c.1400-1464) was an Italian cartographer who lived in the Republic of Venice. He created the most detailed and accurate map of the world up until that time, the Fra Mauro map. M
The captain de Saint Exupéry (father of Antoine, author of the little Prince) made an exploration trip in Sudan in 1898 and then to the Oasis of Siwa in the company of the Khedive and then held a conference on his experience in Sudan and Siwa. The report on this conference is published in "Bulletin de la Société de Géographie Tome XIV 1906" by Frédéric Lemoine. #Siwa #Siouah #SaintExupéry
Hansjoachim von der Esch was a German explorer in Egypt and Libya. From 1929 to 1939 he worked representing a German enterprise in Egypt.
During this time he made several expeditions into the Libyan Desert and from 1934 to 1935 he accompanied the Hungarian explorer Laszlo Almasy on his motorized expeditions. Esch tried to trace the route taken by the Persian king Kambyses during his attempt to conquer the oasis of Siwa. He discovered a series of big stone heaps which he attr